Trimbakeshwar Nag Panchami

by Pandit Satish Guruji

Trimbakeshwar Nag Panchami

Nag Panchami 2024 : Puja Vidhi, Date & Muhurat

Shukla Paksha Panchami during Sawan month is observed as Nag Panchami. Usually, Nag Panchami day falls two days after Hariyali Teej. Currently, Nag Panchami falls in July and August in the English calendar. Women worship Nag Devta and offer milk to snakes on this day. Women also pray for the wellness of their brothers and family.

Nag Panchami is a traditional worship of serpent Gods observed by Hindus throughout India. In the Hindu calendar, some days are considered significant to worship serpent Gods and Panchami Tithi especially during Shravan month is considered highly auspicious to worship serpent Gods. Nag Panchami is one of those significant days and is observed on Shukla Paksha Panchami during Shravana month.

It is believed that any Puja offered to snakes would reach the serpent Gods. Hence people worship live snakes on the day as representative of serpent Gods who are revered and worshipped in Hinduism. Although there are several serpent Gods, the following twelve are worshipped during Nag Panchami Puja -

  1. Ananta
  2. Vasuki
  3. Shesha
  4. Padma
  5. Kambala
  6. Karkotaka
  7. Ashvatara
  8. Dhritarashtra
  9. Shankhapala
  10. Kaliya
  11. Takshaka
  12. Pingala

Nag Panchami Muhurat

1.  Naga Vrat is observed on the Shravana Shukla Panchami (the fifth day of the bright half of Shravan month).
2.  If Panchami is prevailing for less than 3 Muhurats on its Tithi and Chaturthi is also less than 3 Muhurats on the previous day, Vrat must be observed on Chaturthi.
3.  It is also believed that if Chaturthi prevails for more than 3 Muhurats and then Panchami begins with the ending after the 2 Muhurats of the next day, the fast can be observed on the next day only.

Nag Panchami Fast & Puja Vidhi

1.  8 snakes are considered the deities of this festival. So, they are worshiped on this day. Their names are Anant, Vasuki, Padma, Mahapadma, Takshak, Kuleer, Karkata, and Shankha.
2.  Take one meal on Chaturthi and keep a fast on the next day i.e. Panchami. Dinner can be taken on Panchami after closing the fast.
3.  For Puja, place the image or earthen idol of a snake on the wooden stool.
4.  Offer turmeric, vermillion, rice, and flowers on Nag Devta.
5.  After that, present the mixture of raw milk, Ghee, and sugar to the Nag Devta posited over the stool.
6.  Once the Puja Procedure is over, perform the Aarti of Snake God.
7.  You may also give donations to a snake charmer and offer that milk mix to a snake.
8.  At the end, the worshipper must listen to the Nag Panchami Katha.

Note: As per the tradition, Naag Panchami is also celebrated on Chaitra Shukla Panchami or Bhadrapada Shukla Panchami in many regions. Due to the difference in cultures and traditions from region to region, this festival is also celebrated during Krishna Paksha in some places.

Nag Panchami Legends

1.  As per the Hindu Puranas, son of Lord Brahma, Rishi Kashyap had 4 wives. According to the beliefs, the first wife gave birth to Devatas, the second one reproduced Garuda, and the fourth one brought Daityas (demons) into this world. However, the third one was Kadru who had a connection with Naga Vansh. She had created the Nagas.
2.  According to the Puranas, there are 2 types of serpents? Divya and Baum. Divya snakes are Vasuki, Takshak, etc. These are considered as the ones carrying the burden of the planet earth and are believed to be as radiant as fire. If they get furious, it just takes their hiss and sight to burn everything into ashes. For their poison, their no known medicine. However, snakes of the earth with venom in molars are known to be 80 in number.
3.  The 8 Nagas — Anant, Vasuki, Takshak, Karkotak, Padma, Mahapadma, Shankhpal, and Kulik — are considered as the best among all the snakes. Among these snakes, 2 are Brahmins, 2 are Kshatriyas, 2 are Vaishyas, and 2 are Shudras. Brahmin: Anant & Kulik, Kshatriya: Vasuki & Shankhpal, Vaishya: Takshak & Mahapadam, Shudra: Padam & Karkotak
4.  Janmajeya, the grandson of Arjun and son of Parikshit, had arranged for a Nag Yagya to take revenge on the snakes and kill their entire clan. It is because his father Parikshit was killed by a Takshak snake. To protect Nagas, the son of Rishi Jaratkaru, Aastik Muni, had stopped this Yajna. The day when he stopped the Yajna was Shravan Shukla Panchami. He saves the Takshak snake and his clan. As per the beliefs, since that day people celebrate Nagpanchami.

Nag Panchami Significance

1.  As per Hindu beliefs, snakes are considered the deity since ancient times. So, Naga Puja has special significance on the day of Naga Panchami.
2.  It is also believed that the one who worships snakes on this day gets rid of the fear of serpents.
3.  People believe that bathing and feeding snakes with milk along with worshiping them make the devotee the recipient of unending divine blessings.
4.  This festival is also special for snake charmers because they receive money and milk for snakes.
5.  Also, there is a ritual of drawing a snake on the door of the home. It is believed to be keeping the home safe with the grace of snakes.

Nag Panchami Puja Mantra

सर्वे नागाः प्रीयन्तां मे ये केचित् पृथ्वीतले।
ये च हेलिमरीचिस्था येऽन्तरे दिवि संस्थिताः॥
ये नदीषु महानागा ये सरस्वतिगामिनः।
ये च वापीतडगेषु तेषु सर्वेषु वै नमः॥

Mantra Translation - May the snakes who are staying in this world, sky, heaven, sun-rays, lakes, wells, ponds etc. bless us and we all salute them.

अनन्तं वासुकिं शेषं पद्मनाभं च कम्बलम्।
शङ्ख पालं धृतराष्ट्रं तक्षकं कालियं तथा॥
एतानि नव नामानि नागानां च महात्मनाम्।
सायङ्काले पठेन्नित्यं प्रातःकाले विशेषतः।
तस्य विषभयं नास्ति सर्वत्र विजयी भवेत्॥

Mantra Translation - The names of nine Nag Devtas are Ananta, Vasuki, Shesha, Padmanabha, Kambala, Shankhapala, Dhritarashtra, Takshaka, and Kaliya. If chanted regularly every day in the morning, will keep you protected from all evils and make you victorious in life.

We hope that this piece of information will help you in making the festival of Nagara Panchami even more fruitful.

Happy Nag Panchami!

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